Working Principles of Pneumatic Pipe Fittings

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Working Principles of Pneumatic Pipe Fittings

Pneumatic fittings are components that join pipe, tube, and hose sections in pneumatic systems (pressurized gas) and these are distinguished from hydraulic fittings by their tighter seals and lower pressure standards. They’re commonly found in pneumatic logic control and instrumentation systems.

The term ‘pneumatic’ refers to the delivery of electricity via a controlled flow of pressurized gases (including air). The pressured gases that power the needed mechanisms are delivered to the appropriate locations via an airtight network of sturdy hoses, stiff pipes, or lengths of flexible tubing in every pneumatic-powered system.

A pneumatic fitting, in general, is any connector intended to connect components or devices in a sealed and pressurized dry-air arrangement. Today, pneumatic pipe fittings are used in a wide range of sectors and applications, from assembly and production line settings to various industrial machines, construction, handheld gadgets, and workbench equipment. In many professional situations, the power of a pneumatic system might prove to be more dependable, versatile, cost-effective, and safe than a similar configuration powered by various electric motors and actuators.

Working principle of pneumatic pipe fittings:

  • Pneumatic fittings are frequently built for certain temperatures, and the application defines pressure ranges.
  • The operational pressure range refers to the pressure classes, or pressure ranges that the fitting was designed to work in. In most cases, the operating pressure is expressed in pounds per square inch (psi). The fitting may fail if used above or below this rating; for example, it may break, leak, or lose its seal).
  • The operational temperature range, given in degrees Celsius (°C) or degrees Fahrenheit (°F), is the temperature range or temperature classes the fitting was designed to work. The fitting may fail if you operate it above or below this grade.
  • Other features of pneumatic fittings may be added to provide the capability necessary for specific applications.
  • Bulkhead fittings are tube connectors on both sides of a barrier put in a wall or bulkhead.
  • Expansion joints and couplings bring tube sections together and allow for movement due to service stress, load, or temperature cycles.
  • Fittings with a liner are made with an integral lining. Linings are commonly created of tailored polymers for use with process materials or in applications where media sanitation is critical, such as food processing.
  • Surface treatment, plating, or coating on plated fittings improves thermal properties, corrosion resistance, chemical endurance, or other desirable surface qualities.
  • One or more fitting ends can swivel or revolve thanks to the swivel function.
  • The most basic element of pneumatic fittings can be addressed: adequate sizing. Because larger or undersized parts are either completely incompatible or seal or join inefficiently, proper sizing of pneumatic fittings is critical to an excellent fitting preference.

‘mm’ and ‘inch’ are the two measurement systems, and the first step in accurate sizing is to select a measurement system that is compatible with the tools or assembly being installed.

The size of the vessel determines the size of a pneumatic fitting that connects to a vessel. The outward diameter (OD) and internal diameter (ID) of tubes, hoses, and pipes are measured in millimetres (mm) or inches (in). A 2″ OD fitting is designed to connect to a tube with a diameter of 2″. The inside diameter of a cylinder is the diameter of the hollow component, whereas the outside diameter includes the thickness of the tube wall.

In the case of pneumatic fittings, Stainless steel is a rigid material that resists chemicals and corrosion. Stainless steel is a steel alloy, and Sealexcel has built a reputation for providing only the best units to all of its industrial clients. As it has the strength and endurance like steel and superior corrosion resistance but at an affordable cost.